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General Dentistry

Oral Prophylaxis

Oral prophylaxis is a procedure performed to thoroughly clean the teeth. Prophylaxis is an important dental treatment for stopping the progression of periodontal disease and gingivitis. Periodontal disease and gingivitis occur when bacteria from plaque colonize on the gingiva (gum), either above or below the gum line. These bacterial colonies cause inflammation and irritation which in turn produces a chronic inflammatory response in the body. The body thus begins to systematically destroy gum and bone tissue, making the teeth shift from its position, become mobile, or completely fall out. The pockets between the gums and teeth deepen and shelter more bacteria which may travel via the bloodstream and infect other parts of the body.

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cosmetic dentist in mumbai

Reasons for prophylaxis/teeth cleaning
Here are some of the benefits of prophylaxis:
  • Tartar removal — Tartar (calculus) and plaque accumulation, both above and below the gum line, can cause serious periodontal problems if left untreated. Even using the best homecare techniques, it can be impossible to completely remove debris, bacteria and deposits from gum pockets. The expertise of a dentist using specialized dental equipments is needed to spot and treat problems such as tartar and plaque buildup.
  • Aesthetics — A smile with yellowing, stained teeth affects an individual’s confidence. Prophylaxis can remove from the teeth its unsightly stains and return the smile its beauty.
  • Fresher breath — Periodontal disease is often characterised by persistent bad breath (halitosis). Bad breath is generally caused by a combination of food particles below the gum line, possible gum infection, and periodontal problems. The removal of plaque, calculus and bacteria noticeably improves breath and relieves irritation.
  • Identification of health issues — Many health problems are first seen by the dentist. Since prophylaxis involves a thorough examination of the entire oral cavity, the dentist is able to screen for oral cancer, evaluate the risk of periodontitis and often spot signs of medical problems like diabetes and kidney problems.

What does prophylaxis treatment involve?
Prophylaxis can either be performed in the course of a regular dental visit or, if necessary, under local anesthesia. The latter is particularly common where the periodontal disease is severe. Prophylaxis is generally performed in several stages:

    1. Supragingival cleaning – The dentist will thoroughly clean the area above the gum line with scaling tools to remove plaque and calculus.
    2. Subgingival cleaning – This is very important for patients with periodontal disease because the dentist is able to remove calculus from the gum pockets and beneath the gum line.
    3. Root planing – Root planing is the smoothing of the tooth root by the dentist to eliminate any remaining bacteria. These bacteria are extremely dangerous to periodontitis sufferers, so eliminating them is a priority.
    4. Medication – Following scaling and root planing, an antibiotic or antimicrobial gel is often placed in the gum pockets. These promote fast and healthy healing in the pockets and help ease pain and discomfort.
    5. X-ray and examination – Routine X-rays play an important role when it comes to periodontal disease. X-rays show the extent of bone and gum recession, and also help the dentist in identifying areas which may need future attention.
    6.Prophylaxis is recommended twice annually as a preventative measure, but should be performed every 3-4 months on periodontitis patients. Though gum disease cannot be completely reversed, prophylaxis is one of the tools the dentist can use to effectively halt its destructive progress.


Post and core treatment:

If the tooth is decayed to an extent that a lot of the visible tooth structure is lost, then a post & core treatment is needed after the root canal treatment .
A Post & Core is a dental restoration used to sufficiently build-up tooth structure for future restoration with a crown when there is not enough tooth structure, due to loss of tooth structure because of either decay or fracture. Post and cores are therefore referred to as Foundation Restorations.
The post itself is a reinforced carbon fibre or metallic structure that is placed within the root of a tooth that has had a root canal procedure(endodontic procedure) done. When a root canal is performed, the pulp is removed and the space it occupied is filled with a special filling material. In placing a post, some of this root canal filling material is removed creating a space. The space that is created is used to anchor the post within the root of the tooth.
The type of post that is chosen depend on a number of factors. Prefabricated posts are used most commonly. The appropriate size is selected depending on the tooth and the canal.
A core is a filling material built around the part of the post that comes out of the root after the post is cemented into the root. The core is shaped and prepared to retain a crown.
Although posts are usually recommended when there is inadequate support for a crown, they are not always necessary. The use of a post is determined on an individual basis based upon the support and strength required.

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Dental Filling

cosmetic dentist in mumbai

A dental filling is a way to restore a tooth damaged by decay its normal shape and function. There are different types of filling materials like amalgam, composite, cements. When advisable, you can opt for tooth-colored fillings, or composite resin fillings vs. regular amalgam.

Composite is a tooth-colored filling material , most commonly used due to its aesthetics , strength and bond. It contains a mixture of acrylic plastics, quartz fillers and colorants.

The procedure for tooth-colored fillings involves using an adhesive which needs to bond to your tooth and the composite is hardened into place with a special blue curing light.The color of the composite is matched to the shade of your natural tooth color for the most natural look.

ROOT CANAL TREATMENT

A root canal treatment is a treatment used to repair and save a tooth when it is badly decayed or infected and also prevents the need for implants or bridges. It involves removal of tooth pulp(which is the soft inner tissue of the tooth and also connected to the nerves at the bottom of the tooth) and nerve, cleaning and shaping the canal and then filling the canal with a compatible root filling material.

If a root canal procedure is not done at this point, the infection can become worse and cause an abscessed tooth. Signs of an infected tooth include:

  • Pain when chewing or biting.
  • Swelling of the gums, face, neck or head.
  • Continued sensitivity or pain to hot or cold food.
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    A root canal procedure requires one or more visits, and you can drive home after your treatment because we use a local anesthetic to eliminate any pain or discomfort. Our endodontist ensures its done in a single visit unless multiple visits are needed. You should take care to minimize chewing on the affected tooth until the procedure is completed. Antibiotics and analgesics are prescribed as needed. Most patients can return to their normal activities the same day.

    A dental visit usually involves :

  • Taking dental and medical history.
  • Examination of teeth and gums.
  • Taking x-rays or impressions when necessary.
  • Cleaning and polish of teeth.
  • Treating tooth decay by filling cavities.
  • Further evaluating and treating any other conditions your dentist finds.
  • Instructions on how to take care of your oral health.
  • Referance to specialists for other conditions that may affect your oral health or maxillofacial (jaw and face) area.
  • Hai Dent HaiDent has modern, hi-tech and multi-speciality dental clinics across Mumbai and Gurgaon(Delhi NCR). Our focus is to provide quality and comfortable dental care services to all patients hence we have a team of highly experienced and specialized dentists with quintessential skills. Our clinic infrastructure includes the Latest Dental & sterilization equipment to offer high standards of hygiene in dental procedures.

    • Corporate Office:
    • 514, Tulsiani Chamber,
    • Nariman Point, Mumbai,
    • Maharashtra 400021

    • Opening Hours:
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    • Tuesday     : 10 a.m.- 8 p.m.
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    • Friday          : 10 a.m.- 8 p.m.
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    • Phone: +91 9867 399611
    • Email: haident.india@gmail.com